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Delaware USNA Alumni Dinner

Mar

1

26 Oct 15.  At classmate Jim Ring’s invitation, Linda and I traveled to Dover to participate in a Naval Academy annual alumni dinner. This is a audience with a deep understanding of the background so the discussion focused less on Admiral Rickover than it did on the impact of nuclear submarines on the Cold War on the Navy.  Fun evening.

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Newport News

Mar

1

2 September 2015. Admiral Chuck Beers arranged for me to be hosted by the Chief Engineer, Charles Southall, of the Newport News Shipyard so I might tour the facility and speak to their people about Admiral Rickover and leadership. The most impressive aspect of the afternoon was the approach that Newport News has to the training of their engineers — I have seen a large number of manufacturing organizations and never been more impressed!

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Silverdale, Bremerton and Paulsbro

Jul

12

Accompanied by her sister, Nancy Merrick, Linda and I set forth for the Pacific NorthWest  in late June. Out destination was deep under the tall conifers lining the fiords that lead to one of the world’s greatest shipyards. The same deep waters meander by Senator “Scoop” Jackson’s naval base and also provide access to the Keyport Weapons Center. The naval base is particularly interesting.  It was established in the 1970’s as the country’s initial contractor-managed government complex and is one of our newer military facilities.  It also is home to half of our strategic submarines.

Our host for the visit was Bob Aronson, who had arranged three venues in which I could speak about Admiral Rickover and leadership.  Bob gave up a significant amount of his personal time to make our experience easy.  The same can be said of Jim and Rosemary Adkins, as well as Gerry and Joan Egan.  It is interesting how life’s events come full circle, as Linda and Rosemary were in the same 4-H club together in Firth, Idaho some years ago, and in my submarine life I worked at different times for both Jim and Gerry (and Linda and I were as well fortunate enough to get some time to speak to Bill Hahn, a fellow submariner and my roommate for a year at the Naval Academy).

I gave three talks, adjusting to the very different audiences.  One was interested in general in the Navy.  Another was drawn from the general community (because of their local, they all were much more interested in the Navy than similar citizens from Kansas might be), and the final one consisted of Naval Academy graduates (always fascinated in both leadership and Rickover) who have settled in the environs of Seattle.  The last group is the one that is always invigorating. Rickover and his many enemies dug so many emotional boreholes that, unless one is careful, inadvertent diversions can destroy any constructive conversation.

I have found that one of the best ways of recognizing Rickover’s real contribution is to begin the story at the end of the Cold War.

It was December 1989.  President Bush and President Gorbachev were at the Malta Conference aboard Gorki, and Marshal Akhromeyev was handing President Bush the Soviet military leader’s own morning intelligence report showing the Soviet Union surrounded by NATO forces. VADM J. D. Williams, the Commander of the Sixth Fleet, overheard his comments to the President, which were all about submarines. I explain what J.D. related to me decades ago.

I then go back to 1957 and the Soviet launch of Sputnik.

How did President Eisenhower choose to respond?  What path did he place the United States upon?  Does that continue to have relevance today?

 

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Chinese Edition

Apr

23

A publisher in Beijing surprised me this week. They  acquired the rights to issue a Chinese language copy of Against the Tide.  I have often idly wondered what would be the motivation to go to the immense effort of translating a non-technical book. English is a very complex language in itself, and Against the Tide is full of emotional history and idioms. It will be a difficult task.

I believe there are three possible scenarios that might explain this Beijing decision. They might have decided the book was a literary classic, along the lines of Pearl Buck’s “The Good Earth.” That is a possibility.  Or, perhaps more likely, the Chinese find Admiral Hyman G. Rickover even more memorable and interesting than do the admiral’s American counterparts.

Even more likely, China is most serious about developing their nuclear submarine capability. In working to be the best that is possible they, just as Admiral Rickover did in 1933 when he translated Das Underseeboot from the German, are deliberately making resources about submarines available for their officer corps.

If my mother were still alive, she would at least tell me she believed in my literary merit.

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A Week in Washington

Mar

20

Linda and I are completing a week in Washington speaking with groups of friends about Admiral Rickover and the general subject of leadership.  Numerous people have been graciously provided us forums. General Nordy Swartz let us speak to Business Executives for National Security even if he ran off to raise funds in Chicago, leaving us in the capable hands of Henry Hinton (former GAO) and Pat Kane. Our lifelong friend, Mitzi Wortheim’s devoted one of her monthly salon’s to leadership rather than one of the other goals she has pursued since she was the first individual to join the Peace Corps those several years ago. Hugh Howard introduced us to the State Department library for the first time, an area both Linda and I had somehow previously missed. (President Jefferson did us all proud in establishing the first American library).

We were welcomed at the Navy Memorial by Admiral John Totushek, an old friend from Navy and business days, who is again daily demonstrating that leadership principles are transferable to any task or challenge, and we spent as much time as they could afford with Ginger and my brother Tim, who is accomplishing the same thing in his role as the national Executive Director of the Navy League.

No visit to Washington would be complete without visiting our friend Peter Hughes, whom we had dinner with last night at Army Navy (Sherri Goodman was departing as we arrived, still excited about her new job as CEO  of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership). His partner and spouse, Mary Rose, was in the UK and did not join us, but several of Peter’s old friends from the Pentagon and the German Embassy did. As we sat there and listened to the conversation flow, Linda and I were reminded again that it is the extraordinary patriots like Peter Hughes that provide the human ties to link us to our allies.

We will finish us today by speaking at the Center for Naval Analysis, a Federally Funded Research organization. I have always been emotionally more fond of this group than I probably should be (the men and women who labored there have were some of the earliest users of operations analysis to warfare problems and subsequently had some of the greatest insights to modern warfare).  If the forecasted snow does not close down the airports while we are talking about Admiral Rickover, Linda and I will return to California late tonight.

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Aussie Reviews Against the Tide

Mar

20

Reviewed by Dr Gregory P. Gilbert
ONE MUST create the ability in this staff to generate clear forceful arguments for opposing viewpoints as well as for their own. Open discussions and disagreements must be encouraged.— Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, USN
This fascinating, easy to read, and engaging book is hard to put down. I found it particularly pleasing as it prompted me to reflect upon my own personal experiences, even though I have never been a nuclear submariner.
Against the Tide is a highly enjoyable read. Admiral Dave Oliver uses crisp language, personal anecdotes and provocative questions to put forward the leadership principles of Admiral Rickover, the father of the USA’s nuclear navy. Rickover was one of the United States Navy’s most controversial but overwhelmingly successful managers. Until now his management philosophy and leadership ethos has remained largely unknown. The book is short and sharp but, like Rickover’s words and deeds, is straight to the point.
With just 137 pages Against the Tide does not take long to read but it is packed full of useful material. For example the main ideas of Rickover’s 1954 speech to the Naval Postgraduate School (reproduced at Note 10 on p. 159) are a masterly succinct, relevant and very useful guide for managing people. Many of these ideas are now truisms although few are acted upon.
The author’s professional development and life experiences provide excellent case studies for Rickover’s leadership principles. His anecdotes are candid, forthright and memorable. Although the difficulties of cultural change within organisations such as the United States Navy are discussed, one of the book’s major achievements is that it is itself a catalyst for cultural change.
Those, like myself, who have experienced the Royal Australian Navy’s own attempts to manage its way through cultural changes – NQM, CSP, NGN and the like – will be well supplied with their own parallel anecdotes. One should consider whether the RAN’s recent methodologies have tended to replicate Admiral Elmo R Zumwalt’s mostly unsuccessful methods of implementing cultural change and ignored the alternative Rickover approach (see Chapter 12 for USN experience).
Oliver believes that Rickover’s leadership and management techniques could aid any manager, and that although his principles were there for all to see they tended to be lost in the astonishing story of his career. It is also interesting that Oliver states that there is residual resentment in the Navy and the defence industry revolving around the cultural changes forced by Rickover.
Throughout much of the book Rickover is idolized; however, Against the Tide also identifies flaws in Rickover’s personality. He was an introvert who did not get on well with others socially and he lacked command presence. Although he commanded a mine warfare vessel for a short period, Rickover never commanded a major war vessel, submarine or exercised an operational command. He gained fame as an extraordinary engineer and manager.
As with most things Rickover’s methods should not be treated as a checklist for successful management. In some ways his methods are too black and white, perhaps due to the very nature of nuclear engineering, however Rickover has much to offer. The success of his approach during the introduction of nuclear power to the USN reveals significant contradictions in many of the modern approaches to leadership and management.
Against the Tide is well named. It reveals an astonishing alternative leadership approach that continues to instil a successful management culture within the USN’s nuclear powered submarine forces to this very day. However, outside the submarine community such management methods are considered against the tide of common practice.
Against the Tide is highly recommended for anyone wishing to better understand our modern era of continuous cultural evolution and is looking for alternatives.

Published 15 February 2015 in Australian Naval Institute

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Recent Book Review published in Naval Historical Foundation (3/17/15)

Mar

20

Reviewed by Phillip G. Pattee, Ph.D.

Against the Tide: Rickover’s Leadership Principles and the Rise of the Nuclear Navy is Dave Oliver’s second book on leadership. His first book, Lead On!: A Practical Approach to leadership (1992), distills some hard learned lessons on leading from his naval career. Since both books discuss leadership with the idea that leadership principles have wide applicability both in military and civilian organizations, there are areas where the two books cover similar ideas. With another twenty-two years of perspective, experience and wisdom gained in his post navy career, however, Rear Admiral Oliver does not succumb to just updating his ideas. He instead presents numerous vignettes he tackles the leadership principles of one of history’s more controversial figures, Admiral Hyman G. Rickover.

I loved this book. At first, I could not say why. After finishing the book, I could not elegantly state what Rickover’s leadership principles were, or where Rear Admiral Dave Oliver listed them in the book. I discussed that with one of my peers who proposed that I simply enjoyed the stories. I did enjoy them. Oliver is a masterful storyteller, but that wasn’t it. The chief appeal of the book is that it made me think.

In Oliver’s earlier book, Lead On!, each chapter is focused on a key leadership idea, supported with judiciously selected anecdotes to illustrate the principle. At the book’s end, Oliver includes a chapter that summarized each point to tie the whole together in a tidy, well-organized package. Against the Tide does not follow that pattern. Instead, it leads the reader to engage the challenges faced by Rickover as he sought to integrate an entirely new technology into navy culture. Oliver does this by telling stories related to the rise of the nuclear navy. The stories are often Dave Oliver’s personal experiences, as he was positioned throughout his career to observe Rickover’s actions. He also integrates various perspectives from many other officers who served. The memoirs of numerous retired officers, interviewed by Paul Stillwell and published by the Naval Institute, populate the bibliography.

Readers will not find a summary of Rickover’s leadership principles within the book. Instead, Oliver asks a series of Socratic questions at the end of each chapter that, if honestly reflected upon, will divulge principles, where they were used purposely and consistently, where mistakes occurred, and that will inform judgments about using them to bring about cultural change or manage a start up in their own circumstances. Oliver is not trying to persuade his readers to copy Rickover, but to examine him. I am sure I will find myself reading this book again and I have already recommended it to others.

During his naval career, Dave Oliver also observed the leadership of Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt. As a bonus, in the chapter titled, “Elephant Instincts,” Oliver contrasts Zumwalt’s leadership with that of Rickover. While these men were not rivals, neither shared the same goals and vision for the navy. Oliver judges Rickover’s efforts to build a nuclear navy and a culture that would sustain it completely successful. In contrast, considering the differences in time available (decades for Rickover and four years for Zumwalt), the latter only made progress toward his goals. Oliver invites the reader to ponder which methods were effective and which less so. He does not crown a winner, but asks how each leader might have benefitted from the methods employed by the other.

The book contains a comprehensive bibliography and index. The endnotes do provide some source information for each chapter, however, they mainly serve the role of providing ancillary information—some notes that did not make it into the body of the work are over a page long. Much of this material provides additional insight into Rickover’s leadership and if not read in conjunction with the main body of the book, loses context. Full understanding necessitates frequent flipping back and forth from the notes to the chapter at hand. For example, Oliver devotes a chapter to Rickover’s controversial interview process, wherein the Admiral personally approved each officer’s entrance into the program and Oliver’s own interview experience is buried in the notes.

That criticism aside, anyone aspiring to leadership can benefit from reading Against the Tide. I do not recommend it as your first book on leadership, particularly if you are a junior leader. Your time would be better spent with Lead On! If you have read other leadership books, or are at a middle level or higher position in your organization, this book will richly reward your effort.

Dr. Pattee is a member of the faculty at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College.

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An evening in New London, Connecticut

Mar

13

Jim Roy and the Electric Boat Management Council (the men and women chiefly responsible today for building our national nuclear submarine fleet) invited me to speak at their monthly dinner about Intent to Deceive. Our original date was snowed out last month and the alternate was this past Tuesday evening.

 

This was a particularly enjoyable audience to speak with because of their shared responsibility for designing and building safety into the submarines America’s sailors subsequently sail into danger. This community as a whole understands they are fortunate to have their self-interests and livelihood coincide with a larger purpose that serves America’s interests.

We spoke of the critical role their predecessors had played in building the first nuclear submarine, in leading the way in the changing of the culture of the submarine force, and in many of the critical technology advances. In the question and answer period we also discussed that the country now faced similar questions to those that had led America to first build a powerful nuclear submarine force.

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Three Men of Modern Manufacturing

Feb

4

I was being interviewed by Erik Ofgang of Connecticut Magazine this morning. His questions reminded me how few recognize the contemporaneous and parallel accomplishments of Admiral Rickover, Bill Smith of Motorola and W. Edwards Deming.

My book alludes to the fact that Rickover drove industry, as well as the Navy, to better standards than anyone had ever believed possible, and then even higher. Smith did the same thing for computer chip reliability as it was the only way to gain market acceptance for small calculators.  His efforts were subsequently documented in what has become known as Six Sigma.

Dr.Deming was the American electrical engineer generally credited with starting the quality revolution (Kaizen) which nearly destroyed America’s Big Three until Ford hired him to return to the US.

Fortunately for America, all three of these men were working for us all at the same time.

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Day Trips into Cold War History

Jan

29

Several publicists have been working to get more visibility for Against the Tide. One venue they are using is the radio interview, which tends to emphasize the size and diversity of our country. I have spoken to Frank and Taylor during morning drive time in New York (while I  looked out over the rolling black of the Pacific Ocean) and later the same day listened to the afternoon sounds of Clive, Iowa before speaking to John Busbee.

I have done about a dozen interviews now. It is sometimes the first time the interviewer has seen the Cold War period through anything other than a Vietnam focus, and they are interested in sharing this with their audiences.  I think I subconsciously understood very few Americans have an accurate historical context of the Cold War or I would have written this Rickover book differently, but some of my interviewers have said Against the Tide has changed their view of Cold War history.

I have begun to think of these radio segments as day trips into the past.

 

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